What is furniture?
Furniture is the ‘mass noun’ for the ambulatory and mobile things intended for supporting human activities like sleeping (for example, bed) and seating (for example, stools, sofas and chairs). Furniture is also used for keeping things at accessible height for work (as even and parallel surfaces from the ground, like desks and tables) or for storing things (like shelves and cupboards). Furniture can be a design product and is taken to a decorative art form. Not only furniture has the functional roles, they can also serve the religious or symbolic purposes. Furniture is made from different materials like wood, plastic and metal. They can be made by an array of woodworking joints which usually echoes and demonstrate the local culture.
Furniture in old times- the ancient furniture
Archaeological surveys show that the Neolithic people used to make furniture out of stone. They used to make dressers, shelves, seats, cupboards etc from stone. Ancient furniture (8th century furniture) includes the serving stands and the tables. In the middle Ages, the furniture was generally heavy, ornamented and oak. The concept of furniture designing bolstered in the Italian Renaissance of the 14th and 15th cent. The 17th century in both Northern and Southern Europe, was portrayed and defined by often gilded, opulent Baroque designs. The 19th century is generally characterized by revival styles. The 3 quarters of the beginning of the 20th century are usually seen as the introduction of ‘Modernism’. One excusive and one-of-a-kind offshoot of post-modern furniture design is the comeback of natural textures and shapes.
History of furniture
Furniture has been a sector of the human adventure following the development of non-pastoral erudition. There are evidences of furniture in the Neolithic times and afterwards in the contour of paintings, like wall murals espied at Pompeii. They are also found in the form of sculptures like the ones found in Egypt and in the tombs of Ghiordes and also in the modern day Turkey.
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